Ultrasonic Assisted Diamond Turning of Hardened Steel for Mould Manufacturing
Diamond turning of steel parts is conventionally not possible due to the high tool wear. However this process would enable several different applications with high economical innovative potential. One technology that enables the direct manufacturing of steel components with monocrystalline diamond is the ultrasonic assisted diamond turning process. This technology has been investigated over the years within the Fraunhofer IPT and is now commercialized by its spin-off company son-x. Surface roughness in the range of Ra < 5 nm can be achieved and the diamond tool wear is reduced by a factor of 100 or higher. In order to prove the industrial suitability of the process, two aspherical shapes and one large spherical geometry have been manufactured. The possible form accuracies and surface roughness values will be described in this paper, as well as the tool wear. The goal was to achieve optical surface roughness and a shape accuracy below 300 nm.
W.B. Lee, C.F. Cheung and S. To
B. Bulla et al., "Ultrasonic Assisted Diamond Turning of Hardened Steel for Mould Manufacturing", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 516, pp. 437-442, 2012