Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Metal Cutting with Local Hydrostatic Pressure Field Formation


Article Preview

Improving machined surface integrity is one of the important issues in the precision machining. This study aims to develop a cutting tool, which enables to generate a local hydrostatic pressure field in the vicinity of the cutting point to suppress the extra plastic flow in the workpiece, because it is known that materials including metals never cause plastic flow and fracture no matter how much greater hydrostatic pressure field is given. In this paper, a simple cutting tool with planer jig is proposed and a molecular dynamics simulation of cutting is performed as the first step. As a result, it is confirmed that the reduction of the plastic deformation, mainly in the burr formation become remarkable with the proposed model due to the suppression of extra side plastic flow, and relatively high-hydrostatic stress field is formed in the vicinity of cutting point. However, it is also observed that relatively many dislocations are generated beneath the cutting groove.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 523-524)

Edited by:

Tojiro Aoyama, Hideki Aoyama, Atsushi Matsubara, Hayato Yoshioka and Libo Zhou




K. Uezaki et al., "Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Metal Cutting with Local Hydrostatic Pressure Field Formation", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 523-524, pp. 167-172, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




[1] M. Yoshino, T. Aoki and T. Shirakashi, Scratching Test of Hard-brittle Materials under High Hydrostatic Pressure, Trans. ASME, J. Mfg. Sci. and Eng. 123 (2001) 231-239.


[2] P. W. Bridgman, The Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on the Fracture of Brittle Substances, J. Applied Science 18 (1947) 246-258.

[3] W. G. Hoover, Molecular Dynamics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, (1986).

[4] R. W. Hockney, Potential Calculation and Some Applications, Methods Comput. Phys. 9 (1970) 136-211.

[5] L. A. Girifalco and V. G. Weizer, Application of the Morse Potential Function to Cubic Metals, Phys. Rev. 114 (1959) 687-690.


[6] N. Ikawa, S. Shimada, H. Tanaka, G. Ohmori, An Atomistic Analysis of Nanometric Chip Removal as Affected by Tool-Work Interaction in Diamond Turning, Annals of CIRP 40 (1991) 551-554.