Change in Dynamic Characteristics of Spindle for Machining Centers Caused by Chucking Mechanism of Clamped Toolholders
In this study, the effects of clamping toolholders on the dynamic characteristics of spindle systems are evaluated experimentally. In the experiments, the transfer functions are obtained by the impulse response method, and then, the dynamic characteristic parameters are identified based on the vibration model of single-degree of freedom. Two types of machining center spindles and four types of toolholders are evaluated. From the experimental results, the following are revealed: (1) the clamping toolholder enhances the vibration amplitude markedly compared with that of the spindle not clamping toolholder. (2) The different chucking mechanisms clearly change the dynamic stiffness of the spindle systems. (3) The order of magnitude of the dynamic stiffness of the spindle systems agrees well with that of the isolated toolholders. It is confirmed experimentally that clamping of the appropriate toolholder improves the dynamics stiffness of the spindle systems for machining centers.
Tojiro Aoyama, Hideki Aoyama, Atsushi Matsubara, Hayato Yoshioka and Libo Zhou
H. Sakamoto et al., "Change in Dynamic Characteristics of Spindle for Machining Centers Caused by Chucking Mechanism of Clamped Toolholders", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 523-524, pp. 521-526, 2012