3-D Printed Bioactive Bone Replacement Scaffolds of Alkaline Substituted Ortho-Phosphates Containing Meta- and Di-Phosphates
The paper presented here deals with the investigations of orthophosphates (Q0) containing none or differing amounts of meta-(Q2) and diphosphate phases (Q1) for the use of 3-dimensional printing process in order to create porous, bioactive, nonloadbearing bone replacement scaffolds. The main ceramic phase in all cases is Ca10[K/N(PO4)7 hereinafter called 401545(100) consisting of 99,9% Q0 and 0,1% Q1-phase. The other phosphate ceramics i) 401545(40) consists of 75% Q0-phase, 22% Q1-phase and 4% Q2-phase ii) 401545(15) consists of 65% Q0-phase, 33% Q1-phase and 2% Q2-phase iii) 401545consists of 56% Q0-phase, 40% Q1-phase and 4% Q2-phase. The in-house produced ceramics where crushed and sieved to achieve particles of irregular shape in the range of 45-90µm. These powders show a quite good flowability and were used to generate cylindrical samples with a diameter of 5,5mm and a height of 11mm via 3-dimensional printing using a R1 printer from ProMetal company (USA). After drying the samples at T=125°C for 48 hours they were sintered at temperatures according to the thermal analysis results in the range of 900°C up to 1300°C. Afterwards the porosity, the linear shrinkage and the compressive strength were determined.
Kunio Ishikawa and Yukihide Iwamoto
F. Dombrowski et al., "3-D Printed Bioactive Bone Replacement Scaffolds of Alkaline Substituted Ortho-Phosphates Containing Meta- and Di-Phosphates", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 529-530, pp. 138-142, 2013