Properties of Gelatin/Carbonate Apatite Composite Compared to Bovine Bone


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Bone is a composite of approximately 65% inorganic phase (carbonate apatite, CHA) and a 35% organic phase (mostly collagen). To date, several commercial composites consisting of natural or synthetic polymers and calcium phosphates ( hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate, biphasic calcium phosphates) are recommended for use in bone repair. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the physico-chemical properties of gelatin/carbonate apatite composites with that of bovine bone. Native (Gel) or cross-linked (Gel*) was used. Methods: The CHA was prepared by hydrolysis method. The gelatin (denatured collagen) was cross-linked using Genipin. The gelatin/CHA composite were prepared by mixing of 35% gelatin and 65% CHA and freeze-drying. The composites were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetry (TGA). Dissolution properties were determined in acidic buffer (0.1M KAc, pH 6, 37°C). Mechanical strength was determined using 3-point bend test. Bovine bone was similarly characterized for comparison. Results: The composition and crystallite size of the CHA were similar to that of the bone mineral. The Gel/CHA and Gel*/CHA composites showed several physico-chemical properties (crystallinity, composition, thermal stability, mechanical strength, dissolution rate) similar to that of bone. Gel*/CHA compared to Gel/CHA composites showed lower elastic modulus, flexural strength, dissolution rate, swelling and higher porosity. Conclusion: The Gel*/CHA composites presented several properties similar to those of bovine bone and may have potential as bone substitute materials.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 529-530)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Kunio Ishikawa and Yukihide Iwamoto




P. Khanna and R. Z. LeGeros, "Properties of Gelatin/Carbonate Apatite Composite Compared to Bovine Bone", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 529-530, pp. 413-416, 2013

Online since:

November 2012




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