Fabrication of Bioactive Apatite Nuclei-Precipitated Titanium Alloys by Using Sandblasting
Micropores were formed on the surface of Ti metal, Ti-15Mo-5Zr-3Al alloy, Ti-12Ta-9Nb-3V-6Zr-O alloy plate by doubled sandblasting process using silicon carbide particles with 14.0 μm for average particle size as first process, then using the particles with 3.0 μm for average particle size as second process. Apatite Nuclei (AN) were precipitated in the pores. By these treatments, bioactive AN-precipitated Ti alloys were fabricated. Bioactivity of the AN-precipitated Ti alloys was examined by soaking in SBF and it was observed that hydroxyapatite was induced on the surface of the Ti alloys within 1 d. High adhesive strength of hydroxyapatite layer was achieved due to a mechanical interlocking effect between hydroxyapatite formed in the micropores and the plate.
Kunio Ishikawa and Yukihide Iwamoto
H. Mizuno et al., "Fabrication of Bioactive Apatite Nuclei-Precipitated Titanium Alloys by Using Sandblasting", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 529-530, pp. 553-558, 2013