The Effects of the Coating of Anodized Titanium with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Bone Formation
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have excellent chemical, physical, and biological properties such as strong cell adhesion, protein adsorption and cell proliferation in vitro. Excellent osteocompatibility for the CNT monolith was also reported in vivo. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of anodized titanium coated with multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs) on human osteosarcoma Saos2 cells and bone tissue. Saos2 cells on CNT-Ti showed excellent proliferation with extension of cell morphology in all directions. CNT-Ti wire was implanted in the bone marrow of femurs of rats. At 2 weeks after surgery, histological investigations revealed that bone tissue attached to the surface of the CNT-Ti directly. Thus the surface modification of anodized Ti by MWCNTs can be effective for bone formation.
Kunio Ishikawa and Yukihide Iwamoto
S. Inoue et al., "The Effects of the Coating of Anodized Titanium with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Bone Formation", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 529-530, pp. 621-624, 2013