Preparation of Hydrophobic Silica Aerogels from Industrial Microsilica and its Oil Adsorption Properties
Hydrophobic silica aerogels were prepared from industrial microsilica via ambient pressure drying. The process consists of two stages, synthesis of sodium silicate solution from microsilica by hydrothermal reaction with sodium hydroxide, and preparation of silica aqueous gel and porous silica aerogels from the obtained sodium silicate solution. The mixed solution of hexane/ethanol/trimethylchlorosilane was used to modify the sol-gel derived silica aqueous gel so as to obtain porous structure by ambient pressure drying. The microstructure, pore properties of the silica aerogels were analyzed by FTIR and N2 adsorption-desorption methods, and the oil adsorption of the synthesized silica aerogels was investigated. The results indicate that the obtained silica aerogels are light-weight and hydrophobic porous materials, with the specific surface area of 767~828 m2•g-1, porosity of 91.5~95.1% and the average pore diameter of 5.22~8.02 nm. The synthesized silica aerogels have good oil adsorption capacity and the highest saturated oil adsorption rate can achieve 1105%.
Chunliang Zhang and Liangchi Zhang
F. Shi et al., "Preparation of Hydrophobic Silica Aerogels from Industrial Microsilica and its Oil Adsorption Properties", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 531-532, pp. 103-107, 2013