Low-Temperature Synthesis of Nano-Crystalline Zn2SiO4 Powders by Aqueous Sol-Gel Process
The willemite-type Zn2SiO4 was successfully synthesized by the aqueous sol-gel method using Si sols dioxide and zinc nitrate as starting materials instead of expensive organic solvent and metal alkoxides. The as-prepared nanopowders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), respectively. The results showed that the calcination process of gel consisted of a series of oxidation and combustion reactions, accompanied by significantly exothermal effects. Highly reactive nanosized Zn2SiO4 powders were successfully obtained at 800 °C with particle size ~100 nm. By comparison, the aqueous sol-gel process was the most effective and least expensive technique used for the preparation of Zn2SiO4 nanopowders.
Yuan Ming Huang
X.F. Chen et al., "Low-Temperature Synthesis of Nano-Crystalline Zn2SiO4 Powders by Aqueous Sol-Gel Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 538, pp. 193-196, 2013