Biomedical Sensing with Hydroxyapatite Ceramics in GHz Frequency Range
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a leading biocompatible material extensively used for bone implants as a porous ceramic graft and as a bioactive coating. Electrical characteristics of HA can be employed in implantable devices for real-time in vivo pressure sensor applications such as in knee or hip prosthesis. In particular, high piezo and pyroelectricity of HA, its polarisation by electron beam and selective adsorption of proteins on polarised domains indicate the potential for real-time biosensing applications of HA. For this purpose, a comprehensive understanding of the dielectric behaviour of different forms of HA over a frequency range relevant for biomedical sensing is critical. Such information for HA, especially its frequency dependent dielectric behaviour over the GHz range, is rare. To this end, we report on novel investigations of properties of HA in powder and film forms in the GHz frequency range.
Evangelos Hristoforou and D.S. Vlachos
O. Korostynska et al., "Biomedical Sensing with Hydroxyapatite Ceramics in GHz Frequency Range", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 543, pp. 26-29, 2013