Using a Microwave Sensor as an Online Indicator of Neurological Impairment during Surgical Procedures
Lactate is known to be an indicator of neurological impairment during aortic aneurysm surgery. It is suggested that analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) removed during such surgery could provide useful information in this regard. Medical professionals find the prospect of online detection of such analytes exciting, as current practice is time consuming and leads to multiple invasive procedures. Advancing from the current laboratory based analysis techniques to online methods could provide the basis for improved treatment regimes, better quality of care, and enhanced resource efficiency within hospitals. Accordingly, this article considers the use of a low power microwave sensor to detect varying lactate concentrations. Microwave sensors provide a rapid non-invasive method of material analysis, which is robust, cost-effective, and has huge potential for a wide range of biomedical applications.
E. Hristoforou and D.S. Vlachos
J. H. Goh et al., "Using a Microwave Sensor as an Online Indicator of Neurological Impairment during Surgical Procedures", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 543, pp. 368-372, 2013