Zero-Bias Operation and Beam Energy Dependence of Diamond Sensors


Article Preview

A prototype sensor able to work at zero bias has been fabricated using high quality single crystal diamond and two Schottky junctions. The detector's current in the dark is 3.2±0.2×10-14 A, while the current measured under irradiation with 1.6 Gymin-1 of 6 and 15 MV x-ray photons is 7.5±0.2×10-10 A. The sensitivity is strongly dependent on the applied voltage whereas at zero bias we have measured 37±2 nCGy-1, independent of the beam quality. The sensitivity increases with a sub-linear trend up to 100V, as the sensor photocurrent dependence on voltage. Moreover, the device shows very fast response on the rise and fall transients, with the signal stability under irradiation better than 0.3%. The linearity with the dose rate is spread over three orders of magnitude from 1.3×10-3 Gymin-1 to 1.2 Gymin-1 as measured with Co-60 photons.



Edited by:

Evangelos Hristoforou and Dr. Dimitros S. Vlachos




G. Conte et al., "Zero-Bias Operation and Beam Energy Dependence of Diamond Sensors", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 543, pp. 426-430, 2013

Online since:

March 2013




[1] A. Galbiati, B. S. Lynn, K. Oliver, F. Schirru, T. Nowak, B. Marczewska, J. A. Dueñas, R. Berjillos, I. Martel and L. Lavergne: IEEE Trans. on Nucl. Science Vol. 56 (2009), p.1863.


[2] IAEA Technical Reports Series n. 398, Vienna (2000).

[3] G. T. Betzel, S. P Lansley, F. Baluti, L. Reinisch and J. Meyer: Nucl. Instr. Meth. A Vol. 614 (2010), p.130.

[4] D. Tromson , M. Rebisz-Pomorska, N. Tranchant, A. Isambert, F. Moignau, A. Moussier, B. Marczewska and P. Bergonzo: Diamond Relat. Mater. Vol. 19 (2010), p.1012.


[5] S. Spadaro, G. Conte, M. Pimpinella, A. Guerra, D.M. Trucchi and F. Laitano: Sensor and Actuators A Vol. 171 (2011), p.43.

[6] S. Almaviva, I. Ciancaglioni, R. Consorti, F. De Notaristefani, C. Manfredotti, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, A. Petrucci, G. Prestopino, C. Verona and G. Verona-Rinati: Diamond Relat. Mater. Vol. 19 (2010), p.217.


[7] M. Bruzzi, C. De Angelis, M. Scaringella, C. Talamoni, D. Viscomi and M. Bucciolini: Diamond Relat. Mater. Vol. 20 (2011), p.84.

[8] F. Schirru, K. Kisielewicz, T. Nowak and B. Marczewska: J. Phys. D Vol. 43 (2010), p.265101.

[9] Element Six Ltd, PO Box 6, Isle of Man, IM99 6AQ, British Isles, http: /www. e6. com.

[10] S. Spadaro, G. Conte, M. Pimpinella and A.S. Guerra: Nucl. Instr. Meth. A (2012), submitted.

[11] S. Spadaro, M. Girolami, G. Conte, M. Pimpinella and A.S. Guerra: Radiation Measurements (2012), submitted.

[12] A. Rose: Concepts in photoconductivity and allied problems, R. E. Krieger Publishing Co., Huntington, New York, (1978).