Microscopic Strain and Crystal Rotation Measurement within Metallurgical Grains
This work describes an experimental procedure to measure the progressive strain localization and crystal lattice rotation within metallurgical grains. A digital image correlation software was implemented and associated with mechanical tests carried out inside a scanning electron microscope on specimens exhibiting nanometric grainy patterns. Cross-correlation analyzes between electron backscattering diffraction maps were also developed to quantify the corresponding local crystal rotation relative to the original structure. The microscale strain and rotation fields on the surface of a tensile-loaded specimen made of austenitic stainless steel 316L are presented as an illustration. Their direct spatial correlation between strain heterogeneities and the progressive activation of slip systems is put into evidence and discussed.
F. Bridier et al., "Microscopic Strain and Crystal Rotation Measurement within Metallurgical Grains", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 592-593, pp. 493-496, 2014