Preparation of Nanocomposite Particles from Typha angustifolia and Egg Shells


Article Preview

Nanocomposite Paticles have been successfully synthesized from Typha Angustifolia and Egg Shells via 3 steps synthesis; hydrothermal, pyrolysis and/or ball milling techniques, respectively. Typha Angustifolia was subjected to produce fine carbon particles by two stage processes of hydrothermal (at 200 °C for 4 h) and carbonization technique (under Argon atmosphere at 700 °C for 2 h) while the egg shells were convert to white powder (calcium oxide) by calcining under air atmosphere at 900 °C for 4 h. The samples have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to investigate the morphology and surface function, respectively. The experimental results revealed that the planetary mill have effect on the composites between carbon and calcium. Calcium was deposited on the surface of carbon material. Moreover, when the calcium was increased leading to higher performance of milling (i.e. the smaller composite product was observed).



Edited by:

Somnuk Sirisoonthorn, Sirithan Jiemsirilers, Siriphan Nilpairach, Thanakorn Wasanapianpong, Pornnapa Sujaridworakun and Nutthita Chuankrerkkul




A. Eiad-Ua et al., "Preparation of Nanocomposite Particles from Typha angustifolia and Egg Shells", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 608, pp. 68-72, 2014

Online since:

April 2014




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Y. Hanumantharao, M. Kishore, K. Ravindhranath, Characterization and Defluoridation Studies of Active Carbon Dericed from Typha Angustata Plant, J. Anal. Sci. Tech. 3 (2012) 167-181.


[2] J. Pastor-Villegas, C. J. Duran-Valle, Pore structure of activated carbons prepared by carbon dioxide and steam activation at different temperatures from extracted rockrose, Carbon. 40 (2002) 397-402.


[3] T. Thitipornwanich, A. Suttitantawat, N, Viriya empikul, Synthesis of nanoporous particle from water Hyyacinth via hydrothermal technique, Proceeding of Joint Conference in Renewable Energy and Nanotechnology, 1 (2012) 291-295.

[4] X-L. Wu, T. Wen, H-L. Guo, S. Yang, X. Wang, A-W. Xu, Biomass-Derived Sponge-like Carbonaceous Hydrogels and Aerogels for Supercapacitors, ACS NANO, 7 (2013) 3589-3597.


[5] N. Tangboriboon, R. Kunanuruksapong, A. Sirivat, Preparation and properties of calcium oxide from eggshells via calcination, Mater. Sci. Poland. 30 (2012) 313-322.


[6] G. Gergely, F. Weber, I. Lukacs, A. L. Toth, Z. E. Horvanth, J. Mihaly, C. Balazsi, Preparation and characterization of hydroxyapatite from eggshell, Ceram. Int. 36 (2010) 803-806.


[7] P. Hui, S.L. Meena, G. Singh, R.D. Agarawal, S. Prakash, Synthesis of hydroxyapatite Bio-Ceramic Powder by Hydrothermal method, J. Miner. Mater. Charact. Eng. 9 (2010) 683-692.


[8] T. Shirai, A. Eiad-ua, T. T. T. Hien, M. Fuji, Surface characterization of activated alumina powder through the mechano-chemical treatment for fabrication of non-fired ceramics, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 120 (2012) 438-441.


[9] Zh. A. Ezhova, N. A. Zakharov, E. M. Koval, V. T. Kalinnikov, Synthesis and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanocomposites of Calcium Hydroxylapatite-Chitosan-Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes, Rus. J. Inorg. Chem. 58 (2013) 269-273.


[10] M. Y. Fuad, H. Hanim, R. Zarina, Z. A. Mohd, A. Hassan, Polypropylean/calcium carbonate nanocomposites-effects of processing techniques and maleated polypropyleane compatibiliser, Polym. Lett. 4 (2010) 611-620.


[11] A. Ampoumogli, Th. Steriotis, P. Trikalitis, E. Gil Bardaji, M. Fichtner, A. Stubos, G. Charalambopoulou, Synthesis and characterisation of a mesoporous carbon/calcium borohydride nanocomposite for hydrogen storage, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy. 37 (2012).


[12] D. Bikiaris, Microstructure and Properties of Polypropylene/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites, Mater. Rev. 3 (2010) 2884-2964.

[13] J. García, T. López, M. Álvarez, D.H. Aguilar, P. Quintana, Spectroscopic, structural and textural properties of CaO and CaO-SiO2 materials synthesized by sol-gel with different acid catalysts, J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2008) 729-732.


Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.