A Novel Forming Process for Powder Metallurgy of Superalloys
Powder metallurgy (PM) of nickel-based superalloys has been used for a wide range of products owing to their excellent special properties in processing and applications. Typical processes for high performance PM superalloys include hot isostatic pressing, hot extrusion and hot isothermal forging. Hot isostatic pressing is normally conducted at a high temperature, by using a low pressure for a long time in a closed vessel, resulting in high cost and low product efficiency. In this paper a novel forming process, i.e. direct powder forging for powder metallurgy of superalloys has been proposed. In this process, the encapsulated and vacuumed powder is heated up to the forming temperature and forged directly to the final shape, by using a high forming load for a very short time. Direct powder forging is a low-cost and energy-saving process compared to conventional PM processes, and in addition, press machines of conventional forging can be used for direct powder forming process. In direct powder forging it is important to control the relative density of the deformed part since the existence of voids could reduce the mechanical strength and fatigue life. In this paper, feasibility tests of direct powder forging are presented. Microstructure, relative density and hardness of the formed specimen were studied.
Fabrizio Micari and Livan Fratini
Q. Bai et al., "A Novel Forming Process for Powder Metallurgy of Superalloys", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 622-623, pp. 833-839, 2014