A New Method for Testing Formability in Sheet Metal Forming at Biaxial Tensile State
This paper presents a new method concerning testing formability in sheet metal forming, especially focuses on clarifying the divergence of the experiment and a variety of theoretical predictions on biaxial tensile state. Up to now, there are many different fracture criteria appeared. All researches have presented their experimental data which could justify the criterion they presented. However, the experimental results and predictions in the first quadrant of the forming limit diagram (FLD) often diverge. Today, limiting dome height test is commonly used for FLD experiment, but specimens are rubbed and bended during the test, both influencing the experimental results.In order to provide for convincible experimental data, this paper presents a new experimental method to establish the first quadrant of FLD. In this method, cruciform biaxial tensile specimen and biaxial tensile apparatus have been developed. The proposed specimen has the feature of thickness reduction and contour design to ensure the fracture location is in the central region, so that accurate biaxial tensile state can be obtained. Through this method, there is an opportunity to obtain the whole FLD using uniaxial tensile testing machine, which is a low-cost alternative in compared with limiting dome height test. Besides, the experimental results can be utilized to clarify the divergence between various theoretical predictions and experimental results in the first quadrant of the FLD.
Yeong-Maw Hwang and Cho-Pei Jiang
R. S. Lee and T. W. Chien, "A New Method for Testing Formability in Sheet Metal Forming at Biaxial Tensile State", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 626, pp. 275-280, 2015