Selection of Densification Strain to Predict Dynamic Crushing Stress at High Impact Velocity of ALPORAS Aluminium Foam
Cellular material such as aluminium foam has been considered as a potential material for energy absorption upon impact and blast loadings. One of the most important properties that contribute to this feature is the densification strain. At high impact velocity, prediction of the densification strain from quasi-static engineering stress-strain curve has been found inadequate. Furthermore, theoretical prediction using the equation proposed by Reid et al. always over-predicts the dynamic crushing stress. Formation of the shock wave at high impact velocity is believed to further increase the densification level of the foam. However, this effect is disregarded when determining the densification strain quasi-statically. The present study aims to address this issue by determining the densification strain experimentally from impact tests. Forty cylindrical aluminium foams with three different lengths were used as projectiles and were fired towards a rigid load cell by using a gas gun. The peak forces generated from the impact were recorded and analysed. The experimental densification strains were determined physically by measuring the deformation of the foam projectiles after the tests. It is concluded that, at high impact velocity, the densification strain varies with the initial impact velocity. Therefore an appropriate value of densification strain needs to be used in the equation of dynamic crushing stress for a better approximation.
Yeong-Maw Hwang and Cho-Pei Jiang
M. A. Yahaya et al., "Selection of Densification Strain to Predict Dynamic Crushing Stress at High Impact Velocity of ALPORAS Aluminium Foam", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 626, pp. 383-388, 2015