Molecular Dynamics Simulation on Transformation-Induced Plastic Deformation Using a Lennard-Jones Model
Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to clarify the atomistic mechanism of transformation plasticity. As the first step for the purpose, a simple thin-film model consisting of 8640 atoms was prepared. Phase transformation was assumed to be expressed by switching the material parameters of Lennard-Jones potential function. As a preliminary calculation, phase transformation was forced to occur homogeneously in the whole region of the model, resulting in no extra strain except volumetric transformation dilatation. In that case, perfect single crystal structure was maintained in the new phase. Simulations were carried out under external load, but specific strain was not generated. On the contrary, when the transformation region was set partially in the model and the region was expanded with time, a large deformation was observed. In the middle process of the phase transformation, slip-like deformation behavior and the change in crystal orientation occurred, indicating that extra plastic strain was induced during phase transformation. The strain was observed even when external load is not applied, and hence it was concluded that not only external load but also local stress distribution may cause the transformation plasticity.
Yeong-Maw Hwang and Cho-Pei Jiang
T. Uehara, "Molecular Dynamics Simulation on Transformation-Induced Plastic Deformation Using a Lennard-Jones Model", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 626, pp. 414-419, 2015