Local Prevention of Hardening for Punching of Hot-Stamped Parts
Punching portions of the sheet are sandwiched between the ceramic billets during rapid resistance heating to prevent hardening of these portions. When the heating temperature is locally lower than that of the austenitic transformation, i.e. below 800 oC, this portion is not hardened without occurrence of martensitic transformation, and thus cold punching of hot-stamped parts becomes easy. The ceramic billets are made of alumina and the heat transfers to the billets. The temperature distribution just after resistance heating, the hardness distribution of the hot-stamped sheet, the cold punching load, the quality of the punched hole, etc. were measured. Hardening of punching portions was successfully prevented by sandwiching between the ceramic billets. The cold punching load for the local prevention of hardening was half of that without local prevention and the delayed fracture was also prevented, whereas the drop in hardness around the sheared edge became larger than that for laser cutting.
M. Merklein, J. Duflou, A. Leacock, F. Micari and H. Hagenah
K. Mori et al., "Local Prevention of Hardening for Punching of Hot-Stamped Parts", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 639, pp. 205-212, 2015