Modification of Polyaniline-Based Gas Sensor by Electrophoretic Deposition of Metal Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids
Nanoparticles synthesized in various ionic liquids (ILs) were immobilized by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) at the surface of a gas sensor made of thin polyaniline (PAni) film. We used pulsed DC voltage to overcome electrochemical treatment in IL-based electrolytes. In spite that EPD is commonly used for synthesis of nanoparticle films or coatings, here we just functionalized the surface of PAni by scattered nanoparticles. Immobilized nanoparticles were observed by SEM imaging and dynamic responses of gas sensors functionalized by different nanoparticles (Ni, Ni-Fe and Ag-Cu) were compared. Using the EPD technique, sensitivity or selectivity of a gas sensor based on PAni can be improved easily.
A.R. Boccaccini, J.H. Dickerson, B. Ferrari, O. Van der Biest and T. Uchikoshi
P. Kunzo et al., "Modification of Polyaniline-Based Gas Sensor by Electrophoretic Deposition of Metal Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 654, pp. 224-229, 2015