Study of the Electrophoretic Deposition of Chitosan/Halloysite Nanotubes/Titanium Dioxide Composite Coatings Using Taguchi Experimental Design Approach
This study presents experimental results on the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of chitosan/halloysite nanotube/titanium dioxide composite coatings based on the Taguchi design of experiments (DOE) approach. Taguchi array of L18 type with mixed levels of the control factor was used to study the influence of EPD parameters, including halloysite nanotubes concentration, electric voltage and deposition time, on deposition yield. For identifying the significant factors that affected the deposition yield, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and regression analysis based on partial least-square method were used. The coatings were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analyses, respectively. It was found that the deposition time has significantly influenced the deposition rate but the halloysite nanotube concentration and the applied voltage have the smallest effect on the deposition. The optimum condition for high yield of deposition with low standard deviation is achieved when the concentration of halloysite nanotubes is 0.3 g/L and the applied voltage is 40 volt with 300 sec. as a deposition time. The predicted EPD conditions were verified by experiments and qualitative agreement was obtained.
A.R. Boccaccini, J.H. Dickerson, B. Ferrari, O. Van der Biest and T. Uchikoshi
N. S. Jackoub Raddaha et al., "Study of the Electrophoretic Deposition of Chitosan/Halloysite Nanotubes/Titanium Dioxide Composite Coatings Using Taguchi Experimental Design Approach", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 654, pp. 230-239, 2015