Analysis on the Setting of Brushite Bone Cement after Storage in the Humid Environment
The cause of the degradation was analyzed by applying the highly humid conditions during the storage of cement composed of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (MCPM). For the β-TCP and MCPM stored separately under the humid environment, the mild increase in the setting time was observed, and the product after the setting was entirely dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO42H2O: DCPD). However, for the β-TCP and MCPM stored mixed under the same condition, the setting time significantly increased with the period of storage, and the product contained dicalcium phosphate (CaHPO4: DCP) as major phase, resulting in the loss of setting ability. The formation of DCP could be because of the weak driving force for setting, caused by a feeble supply of water from moisture. As the formation of DCPD requires stronger driving force to overcome the activation barrier, sufficient amount of water is essential. Humid environment during the storage decreased the driving force by the formation of DCP, and the driving force to produce DCPD was lost during the actual setting.
Ika Dewi Ana, Kuwat Triyana
T. J. Chung and K. S. Oh, "Analysis on the Setting of Brushite Bone Cement after Storage in the Humid Environment", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 696, pp. 32-35, 2016