Small Punch Testing of Powder Bed Direct Laser Deposits
Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) technologies, such as Powder Bed Direct Laser Deposition (PB-DLD), have gained increasing popularity within the aerospace industry due to the advantages they hold over conventional processing routes. Among the advantages are the ability to produce more sophisticated cross-sectional geometries, a decrease in production lead times and an improvement to the buy-to-fly ratio. However, build quality and microstructural characteristics have a dependency on the process variables such as build direction. In order to understand the influence of grain size and build orientation on tensile behaviour, the Small Punch Tensile (SPT) testing technique has been applied to variants of the nickel based superalloy C263, manufactured using the PB-DLD method. The test technique utilises miniaturised samples, requiring only small volumes of material and is therefore a desirable test method to employ. SPT testing has characterised the mechanical properties between vertically and horizontally built PB-DLD C263 in comparison with the cast material derivative. Differences in mechanical performance between each variant have been revealed and found to be associated with microstructural variations. The deformation behaviour across each material variant have been exposed by interrupted tests. SPT results have also been accompanied by fractography, fracture energy calculations along with comparisons with uniaxial data.
Kaishu Guan, Karel Matocha and Tong Xu
S. Davies et al., "Small Punch Testing of Powder Bed Direct Laser Deposits", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 734, pp. 94-103, 2017