Fiber-Reinforced Plastics with Locally Adapted Stiffness for Bio-Inspired Hingeless, Deployable Architectural Systems
This paper presents results of the investigation of two biological role models, the shield bug (Graphosoma italicum) and the carnivorous Waterwheel plant (Aldrovanda vesiculosa). The aim was to identify biological construction and movement principles as inspiration for technical, deployable systems. The subsequent processes of abstraction and simulation of the movement and the design principles are summarized, followed by results on the mechanical investigations on various combinations of fibers and matrices with regard to taking advantage of the anisotropy of fiber-reinforced plastics (FRPs). With the results gained, it was possible to implement defined flexible bending zones in stiff composite components using one composite material, and thereby to mimic the biological role models. First small-scale demonstrators for adaptive façade shading systems – Flectofold and Flexagon – are proving the functionality.
Prof. Axel S. Herrmann
L. Born et al., "Fiber-Reinforced Plastics with Locally Adapted Stiffness for Bio-Inspired Hingeless, Deployable Architectural Systems", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 742, pp. 689-696, 2017