Immobilization of Sr2+, Bi3+ and Zn2+ in Alkali-Activated Materials Based on Blast Furnace Slag and Fly Ash
It is well known, that alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are suitable for immobilization of heavy metals and other hazardous materials. This study is focused on the characterization of inhibition of three metals – Sr2+, Bi3+ and Zn2+ in alkali-activated matrices. Two type of matrices were prepared – alkali-activated blast furnace slag (BFS) and alkali-activated fly ash (FA). Sodium water glass was used as alkaline activator. The ability of these matrices to fix the metals were proved by leaching tests. Compressive strength was measured to characterize mechanical properties of the matrices. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) was used to examine distribution and chemical state of metals within the matrices. The observed metals mainly formed the insoluble compounds after alkali activation.
Šárka Nenadálová, Vlastimil Bílek, Zbyněk Keršner, Stanislav Seitl and Dr. Hana Šimonová
J. Koplík et al., "Immobilization of Sr2+, Bi3+ and Zn2+ in Alkali-Activated Materials Based on Blast Furnace Slag and Fly Ash", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 761, pp. 15-18, 2018