Fabrication and Compressive Properties of Titanium Foam for Bone Implant Applications
In order to meet the requirements for the purpose of biological implant materials, analyzes the matching requirements of the compatibility and mechanical properties of titanium foam biological; by powder metallurgy method, using TiH2 powder as raw material, using ammonium bicarbonate as pore forming agent, preparation of titanium foam. The influences of pore forming agent content and particle size, sintering temperature and holding time on the pore structure, pore distribution, pore size and compressive properties of foam titanium were discussed in detail. The results show that with the increase of the sintering temperature and prolonging holding time, titanium foam compressive yield strength and modulus increased; with the increase of the content of pore forming agent, titanium foam compression yield strength and Young's modulus decreased. The preparation of a porosity of 48% ~ 77%, pore size between 300 ~ 500 m, foam pore structure and pore size in micron level through three-dimensional pore, pore size of bio materials meet the requirements. The compressive strength is 98~186MPa, and the young's modulus is 1.6 ~ 6.8 GPa, which matches the strength and the modulus of elasticity of biological implants.
Huiping Tang, Ma Qian, Yong Liu, Peng Cao and Gang Chen
Z. F. Li et al., "Fabrication and Compressive Properties of Titanium Foam for Bone Implant Applications", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 770, pp. 126-131, 2018