Influence of Alloying Elements in Fatigue Properties of α/β Titanium Alloys
One strategy to make PM titanium components competitive in terms of mechanical properties is the addition of suitable alloying elements. PM offers the possibility to adapt the alloy composition in order to achieve the required properties. In this study, different alloying elements were introduced into α/β titanium alloys and fatigue behaviour was evaluated. Four-point bending fatigue tests with a stress ratio of 0.2 were performed on specimens manufactured by metal injection moulding (MIM) and shot peening. Results showed an enhanced sintering activity of Ti-6Al-7Nb by adding small amounts of iron. The impact on fatigue properties was evaluated. The increase of oxygen in Ti-6Al-7Nb from 0.15 wt.% to 0.45 wt.% caused a decrease in elongation from 16% to 6%. However the fatigue strength at 107 cycles is just slightly reduced from 450 to 350 MPa. The addition of 0.5 wt.% yttrium powder to gas atomized Ti‑6Al‑4V powder led to a noticeable refinement of the microstructure of the sintered parts, due to the formation of Y2O3 particles, which hinder grain growth. In spite of a slightly higher residual porosity, the microstructural refinement increased the fatigue strength at 107 cycles from 450 to 470 MPa. At 106 cycles, the fatigue strength increased even from 705 to 765 MPa. The addition of yttrium did not result in a higher oxygen pick up, which indicates a scavenging of oxygen from the titanium matrix by formation of Y2O3 during sintering. Contrary to the fatigue strength results, the scavenging effect led to a decrease in tensile strength of about 70 MPa. The microstructure of fatigue-tested specimens was characterized by using optical and scanning electron microscopy.
Huiping Tang, Ma Qian, Yong Liu, Peng Cao and Gang Chen
A. A. Hidalgo et al., "Influence of Alloying Elements in Fatigue Properties of α/β Titanium Alloys", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 770, pp. 80-86, 2018