Effects of Open Atmosphere Solutionizing Treatment on the Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Porous 60NiTi Parts
Titanium alloys have been widely used for medical implants due to their good biocompatibility and excellent corrosion resistance. 60NiTi, an intermetallic nickel-titanium alloy containing approximately 60 wt.% Ni and 40 wt.% Ti, is a promising material for medical components such as implants and prostheses. 60NiTi is hard with good biocompatibility, highly corrosion resistant and has relatively low stiffness. In this study, conventional press-and -sinter method was employed to produce porous 60NiTi parts suitable for general bone replacement applications such as spinal and cranial inserts. The effect of solution treatment in a non-protected furnace and water quenching on the mechanical and microstructural properties of 60NiTi were investigated. It was found that this procedure produces a hard integral ceramic layer, a complex mixture of nickel and titanium oxide compounds, on the surface and around the pores of 60NiTi parts. Results showed that this heat treatment procedure causes the embrittlement of the parts due to an increase in oxide content. However, the produced ceramic surface can also enhance the resistance to corrosion, which is beneficial from a biocompatibility point of view.
Huiping Tang, Ma Qian, Yong Liu, Peng Cao and Gang Chen
K. Khanlari et al., "Effects of Open Atmosphere Solutionizing Treatment on the Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Porous 60NiTi Parts", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 770, pp. 87-94, 2018