Application of Embedded Element in the Short Fiber Reinforced Composite
The finite element analysis (FEA) is a numerical method for predicting the mechanical property of short fiber reinforced composite usefully. However, as we know, there is always a “jamming” limit when generating fiber architecture expecially in the cases of high volume fraction and high aspect ratio of short fiber. Even if the volume fraction and aspect ratio in finite element model meet the practical requirements, the problem of mesh deformity will always occur which would lead to unconverge of numerical computation. In this work, embedded element technique which will help to reduce the probability of the above two problems is employed to establish the finite element model of short fiber reinforced composite. The effect of edge size, thickness and mesh density of FE models on the elastic modulus were investigated. Numerical results show that the value of elastic modulus mainly depend on the edge size and fiber amount of FE model while the effect of thickness can be neglected. The elastic modulus takes to converge for high element number. An inverse method is proposed to calculate volume fraction of short fibers, by which numerical results agree well with the calculation results of empirical formula based on Halpin-Tsai equation.
Luis Rodríguez-Tembleque, Jaime Domínguez and Ferri M.H. Aliabadi
J. H. Gao et al., "Application of Embedded Element in the Short Fiber Reinforced Composite", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 774, pp. 241-246, 2018