Simulation of Inner Rim Compression Test of Aluminum Alloy Wheels


Article Preview

Aluminum alloy wheels are the most commonly used wheel type for passenger cars for decades. Generally A356 alloy (including alloying elements of 7% Si and 0.3% Mg) is used and a T6 heat treatment (solutionizing and artificial aging) is applied for the wheels. The most commonly used casting method is the Low Pressure Die Casting method for the wheels. As a cast product, wheels are one of the most important safety parts of a car along with a huge visual impact on the car. Therefore a lot of proofing tests are applied on a wheel in order to ensure its reliability and to guarantee passenger safety. Inner rim compression test of aluminum alloy wheels is one of these important mechanical tests which is a quasi-static deformation test to determine the fracture and failure behavior of the wheel. In this test, wheel is fixed at its offset surface using lug nuts and a crosshead applies the load with an offset from the inner rim position applying the biggest stress to the valve hole section. This study comprises the efforts of simulation of this test. In the study, ABAQUS finite element software is used and results were compared with experimentally obtained results.



Edited by:

Luis Rodríguez-Tembleque, Jaime Domínguez and Ferri M.H. Aliabadi




A. Kara and O. Daysal, "Simulation of Inner Rim Compression Test of Aluminum Alloy Wheels", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 774, pp. 379-384, 2018

Online since:

August 2018





* - Corresponding Author

[1] Cerit, M.: Numerical simulation of dynamic side impact test for an aluminium alloy wheel. Sci Res Essays Vol. 5(18) (2010),pp.2694-2701.

[2] Zhong, C. X., Tong, S. G., Yan, S. Z., Zhang, X., and Xu, L.: Fatigue life evaluation of aluminum alloy automotive wheels cornering test based on finite element analysis. Machinery Design & Manufacture Vol. 12 (2006).

[3] Satyanarayana, N. and Sambaiah, C.: Fatigue analysis of Aluminum Alloy wheel under radial load. International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (IJMIE) Vol. 1-6 (2012), pp.2231-6477.

[4] Wan, X., Shan, Y., Liu, X., Wang, H., and Wang, J.: Simulation of biaxial wheel test and fa-tigue life estimation considering the influence of tire and wheel camber. Adv Eng Softw 92 (2016), p.57.


[5] Santiciolli, F. M., Möller, R., Krause, I., and Dedini, F. G.: Simulation of the scenario of the biaxial wheel fatigue test. Adv Eng Softw Vol. 114 (2017), p.337.

[6] Yaman M, Yeğin B.: A light commercial vehicle wheel design optimization for weight, NVH and durability considerations. 5th ANSA & µETA International Conference, Greece, (2013).

[7] Leost, Y., Sonntag, A., Haase, T.: Modeling of a Cast Aluminum Wheel of Crash Application. 11th European LS-DYNA Conference, Austria, (2017).

[8] Kamal, M.B., Subramania, G.S., Oery, T.: Progressive Damage and Failure analysis of Automotive Wheels Using an Explicit Finite Element Method. 2016 Science in the Age of Experience Conference, Boston, USA, (2016).

[9] Kamal, M.B., Subramania, G.S., Balabhadruni, N., Oery, T.: Prediction of Aluminum Wheel Distortion under Pothole Impact. 2016 Science in the Age of Experience Conference, Boston, USA, (2016).

[10] Zou, Z., Tan, P. J., Reid, S. R., Li, S., Harrigan, J. J.: Dynamic crushing of a one-dimensional chain of type II structures. Int J Impact Eng, Vol. 34(2) (2007), p.303.


Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.