Characterization and Modelling of Multiple Intralaminar Cracking Initiation under Tensile Quasi-Static and Fatigue Loading
The first failure mode in tensile quasi-static and in tension-tension fatigue (cyclic) loading of composite laminates is intralaminar cracking in layers with off-axis fiber orientation. These tunnel-building cracks are result of combined action of in-plane transverse and shear stresses. We assume that due to non-uniform fiber distribution (clustering) which leads to local stress concentrations, different positions in the layer have different resistance to crack initiation (initiation strength). If so, the weakest position in quasi-static loading is also the weakest in fatigue and some of the distribution parameters for fatigue behavior can be obtained in quasi-static tests, thus significantly reducing the number of required fatigue tests. Methodology is suggested and validated for cases when the cracking is initiation governed-initiated crack almost instantly propagates along fibers. Distribution parameters are identified using data in low crack density region where stress perturbations from cracks do not interact. Monte-Carlo simulations are performed for cracking in layers under quasi-static and cyclic loading using novel approach for computationally efficient stress state calculation between existing cracks.
Luis Rodríguez-Tembleque, Jaime Domínguez and Ferri M.H. Aliabadi
H. Ben-Kahla and J. Varna, "Characterization and Modelling of Multiple Intralaminar Cracking Initiation under Tensile Quasi-Static and Fatigue Loading", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 774, pp. 467-472, 2018