Advanced Materials and Engineering Materials VII

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Authors: Wasan Moopayuk, Nuchnapa Tangboriboon
Abstract: Mangosteen peel powder is one of the most important bio-antioxidants. Adding mangosteen peel powder as filler into natural rubber latex compound for latex glove film formation via dipping process can help the green anti-microbial properties. The physical (smoothness and thickness of film) and mechanical properties (tensile strength and elongation at break) of latex film are still good. Therefore, adding mangosteen peel powder into natural rubber latex gloves can reduce the anti-allergic and antimicrobial on the film surface. Mangosteen peel powder ground by rapid mill is fine particle and high surface area 2.4216 m2/g suitable for homogeneous and compatible for adding into natural rubber latex compound. Ceramic hand mold was dipped into the Ca (NO3)2 coagulant only 3 seconds, then dipped into the natural rubber latex compounds added mangosteen peel powder for 15 seconds, withdrawn hand mold slowly, cured in the oven at 120°C for 30 min, then dried at room temperature, and casted it off the hand mold. The obtained natural latex glove films added mangosteen peel powder are smooth, clear, and thin film surface, the highest elongation at break 803.2711 ± 31.6477%, good tensile strength 30.2933 ± 6.0218 MPa, dense film without water leakage, and good contact angle.
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Authors: Irina Garkina, Alexander Danilov
Abstract: The uniform concept of synthesis of construction materials with special properties as multicriteria difficult technical system with use of an iterative way is offered. Composite materials with complex hierarchical structure are considered as a set of typical elements and communications between them (multilevel structures). Transition from one level to another is offered to be carried out on the basis of allocation of substructures (the macroscopic elements interconnected in the easy and clear way). On the basis of experimental data assessment of statistical communication between 14 properties of materials for various 10 structures is defined. The annex of methods of rank correlation to synthesis of epoxy composites on their properties on the basis of the analysis of statistical data is given.
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Authors: Chi Wai Kan, Clare Man Ching Ko, Somchai Udon, Siriorn Wanitchottayanont, Manat Pangsai, Rattanaphol Mongkholrattanasit
Abstract: During using of textile materials, such as intimate apparel, which is in close contact with skin, the water transport capability is very important to avoid any uncomfortable feeling to the users. The water transport capability of fabric-foam-fabric plied materials were evaluated in this study. The plied material is intended to be used in intimate apparel. The fabric-foam-fabric plied materials were prepared by plying polyurethane foams (non-laminated and laminated) with different fabrics. Therefore, we reported the water transport capability values of different plied samples and the results were discussed properly.
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Authors: Hamed Mofidi Tabatabaei, Tetta Tajima, Tadashi Nishihara
Abstract: In present study, possibility of developing a new magnetic aluminum-based composite material by using principles of friction stir forming (FSF) is studied. Friction stir forming is a new materials forming technique which uses frictional heat to plasticize and plastically deform the alloy. Local magnetizing and local hardening of A6061 aluminum alloy is discussed by attempts of embedding and dispersing iron oxide powder and steel balls into A6061 aluminum alloy through spotted friction stir forming. Experiments revealed that FSF can be used to mechanically interlock steel balls and iron oxide with aluminum alloy and develop an aluminum metal matrix composite with improved magnetic properties. Results are discussed in terms of microstructural observation, hardness and magnetic properties.
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Authors: Achmad Chafidz, R.M. Faisal, Lilis Kistriyani, Ajeng Y.D. Lestari, Dhoni Hartanto, Muhammad Rizal
Abstract: The increasing environmental issues has resulted in the trend of the use of renewable or natural source (green) fillers in the polymer composites fabrication. Among these green fillers is called natural fibers or plant fibers. One particular plant fibers that became the topic of the present work is date palm fiber (DPF). In the present work, DPF at different loadings (i.e. 0, 5, 10, 20, 30 wt%) were incorporated (as fillers) in the high density polyethylene (HDPE) matrix to fabricate HDPE/DPF composites. Further, we have investigated the effect of DPF loadings on the dynamic mechanical thermal properties of the composites. The dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) results exhibited that the storage modulus of the composites increased with increasing DPF loadings. Additionally, all the storage modulus values of the composites were higher than the neat HDPE in all temperature ranges. For example, at temperature of 60°C, the storage modulus enhancement of the composites as compared to the neat HDPE were about 26, 76, 134, and 225% for 5, 10, 20, 30 wt% of DPF loadings, respectively. Additionally, the relationship between the DPF loadings (wt%) and temperature (°C) on the storage modulus of the HDPE/DPF composites was modeled using a logarithmic equation. Based on the data plotting between the experimental data and modeled data, the logarithmic equation was found to be fitted with the experimental data satisfactory.
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Authors: Achmad Chafidz, Ariany Zulkania, Tintin Mutiara, Prima A. Handayani, Muhammad Rizal
Abstract: In this work, high density polyethylene (HDPE)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fiber composites have been fabricated via melt compounding by employing a twin-screw extruder. The resulted composites samples of four different PVA loadings (i.e. 0, 5, 10, 20 wt%) were then characterized via tensile test to investigate the effect of PVA loadings on their mechanical properties (i.e. modulus elasticity, tensile strength, toughness, and strain at break). Additionally, the surface morphologies of the composites (i.e. cryo-fractured and tensile fractured samples) were also studied by using a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM micrographs on the cryo-fractured sample showed that PVA fibers were perfectly embedded and well blended in HDPE matrix. Whereas, the SEM images of tensile-fractured samples showed that there was a fibrillation effect on the neat HDPE, while in the composites sample, there was an evident of broken fibers. Additionally, from the tensile test results, the modulus elasticity of the composites has increased by approximately 16, 39, and 81% (as compared to the neat HDPE) for PVAC-5, PVAC-10, and PVAC-20, respectively. Whereas, the toughness and strain at break of the composites have decreased.
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Authors: Irina Garkina, Alexander Danilov
Abstract: The rheological properties of polymer composite materials for special purposes in molecular, structural and complex plasticization are investigated. The possibility of approximating the rheological properties of epoxy composites to protect against radiation by a multiplicative polynomial-exponential function is shown (approximation of the functions of two arguments in the form of a product of two one-dimensional functions). Analytical dependences of the viscosity of epoxy binder on temperature and percentage of additive are given. The results of optimization (optimal concentration of plasticizer) are indicated.
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Authors: Xue Shan Wang, Shi Feng Deng, Yan Chun Huang, Zhong Qi Liu
Abstract: A novel high-strength foam (PSA foam) was prepared by adding foaming agent in silicon-containing arylacetylene (PSA) via free heat foaming. The dispersion of foaming agent was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Disperse Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and the result indicated that the foaming agent was dispersed uniformly in PSA. The microstructure of the PSA foams prepared with different foam temperatures were characterized by SEM and the results showed the PSA foam had uniform pores when the foaming temperature was 165°C. Compressive strength of the PSA foam could reach 10.3 MPa. Furthermore, PSA foam possessed excellent thermal stability, dimensional stability and heat insulation performance: char residue reached 92.3% at 800°C under nitrogen atmosphere; the highest coefficient of thermal expansion was 83*10-6/K; the thermal conductivity was 0.0724 W/(m•K).
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Authors: Waraphorn Buakhlee, Pimsiree Suwanna, Wirunya Keawwattana
Abstract: Due to the dispersion of silica and reducing filler-filler interaction, the improvement of filler-rubber interaction was enhanced the physical properties of silica/NR compounds. This research was then focused on the production of silica masterbatches with surface treatment by surfactant to enhance the silica dispersion. The silica dispersion examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)c and the mechanical properties of vulcanizates prepared from the masterbatches were compared with those prepared by a conventional direct mixing method. The mechanical properties of silica/NR masterbatches exhibited greater modulus, tensile strength and hardness compared to the corresponding conventional mixes. A better silica/NR interaction of silica/NR masterbatch was achieved confirming by higher the bound rubber content and lower Payne effect, leading to the greater mechanical properties.
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