Synthesis of Nanoporous ZrTiO4, Ti2ZrO6 Containing Ceramic Materials


Article Preview

Sol-gel technology allows the synthesis of powders and nanoporous materials with a complicated structure and morphology, improving the reactivity of the synthesized material. Nanoparticles of ternary oxide ZrO2-SiO2-TiO2 system have properties ascendant to those of the pure components. In the present work, the powders of the ZrO2-SiO2-TiO2 system were obtained by a sol-gel technology. The powder particles were homogenized with a high energy milling process for 1 or 6 hours. The acquired particles and nanoporous ceramic materials, after sintering at 800 OC and 1000 OC, were characterized by X-ray diffraction, particle size distribution, compressive strength tests, BET specific surface area and porosity analysis.



Main Theme:

Edited by:

Gundars Mežinskis, Līga Grase, Ruta Švinka, Ilona Pavlovska, Jānis Grabis, Kęstutis Baltakys and Irina Hussainova




M. Karpe et al., "Synthesis of Nanoporous ZrTiO4, Ti2ZrO6 Containing Ceramic Materials", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 788, pp. 89-95, 2018

Online since:

November 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] W. Puthai, M. Kanezashi, H. Nagasawa, K. Wakamura, H. Ohnishi, T. Tsuru, Effect of firing temperature on the water permeability of SiO2–ZrO2 membranes for nanofiltration, Journal of Membrane Science. 497 (2016) 348–356.


[2] L. Valdez-Castro, J. M´Endez-Vivar, Porous SiO2–TiO2–ZrO2 Obtained from Polymeric Systems Prepared by the Sol–Gel Process, Journal of Porous Materials. 8 (2001) 303–309.

[3] Y. Park, H.-G. Kim, and Y. Kim, Effect of Pressure on the Incommensurate Transition in ZrTiO4, Jpn. J.Appl. Phys. 35 (1996) 1198-1199.

[4] U. Troitzsch, A.G. Christy, D. J. Ellis, Synthesis of Ordered Zirconium Titanate (Zr,Ti)2O4 from the Oxides, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 87 (11) (2004) 2058-(2063).


[5] U. Troitzsch, D. J. Ellis, High-PT study of solid solutions in the system ZrO2-TiO2: The stability of srilankite, European Journal of Mineralogy. 16 (2004) 577-584..

[6] V. dos Santos, M. Zeni, J. M. Hohemberger, C. P. Bergmann, Preparation of crystalline ZrTiO4 at low thermal treatment temperatures, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 24 (2010) 44-47.

[7] M. A. Fardad, Catalysts and the structure of SiO2 sol-gel films, Journal of Materials science. 35 (2000) 1835 – 1841.

[8] R. Ren, Z. Yang, L.L. Shaw, Polymorphic transformation and powder characteristics of TiO2 during high energy milling, Journal of materials Science. 35 (2000) 6015-6026.

[9] I.C. Cosentino, F.M Vichi, E.N.S. Muccillo, R. Muccillo, Synthesis and characterization of nanosized ZrTiO4 powders prepared by the sol-gel method, Materials Science Forum. 530-531 (2006) 401-407.