Response of UHPC-Concrete Composite Structural Members Using Implicit and Explicit Finite Element Method


Article Preview

This paper investigates the response of UHPC-concrete composite structural members using implicit and explicit finite element (FE) methods. Both methods were prepared and conducted individually for the FE analysis under static loading condition. Results of the implicit and explicit analysis were compared to experimental results conducted in previous study. Both the implicit and explicit methods showed similar overall response with fair accuracy compared with the experimental results. In addition, the effective plastic strain obtained from the FE simulation was in good agreement with the damage cracking pattern in the experiment.



Edited by:

Henry Hu and Gu Xu




H. Yin et al., "Response of UHPC-Concrete Composite Structural Members Using Implicit and Explicit Finite Element Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 793, pp. 93-97, 2019

Online since:

January 2019




* - Corresponding Author

[1] E. Brühwiler, and E. Denarie, Rehabilitation of concrete structures using ultra-high performance fibre reinforced concrete,, in UHPC-2008: The Second International Symposium on Ultra High Performance Concrete, pp.5-7, (2008).


[2] M. Safdar, T. Matsumoto, and K. Kakuma, Flexural behavior of reinforced concrete beams repaired with ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC),, Compos Struct, vol. 157, pp.448-60, (2016).


[3] H. Yin, W. Teo, and K. Shirai, Experimental investigation on the behaviour of reinforced concrete slabs strengthened with ultra-high performance concrete,, Constr Build Mater, vol. 155, pp.463-74, (2017).


[4] D.K. Harris, M.A.C. Muñoz, A. Gheitasi, T.M. Ahlborn, and S.V. Rush, The challenges related to interface bond characterization of ultra-high-performance concrete with implications for bridge rehabilitation practices,, Adv Civil Eng Mater, vol. 4, pp.75-101, (2014).


[5] L. Hussein, and L. Amleh, Structural behavior of ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete-normal strength concrete or high strength concrete composite members,, Constr Build Mater, vol. 93, pp.1105-16, (2015).


[6] K. Habel, E. Denarié, and E. Brühwiler, Experimental investigation of composite ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete and conventional concrete members,, ACI Struct J, vol. 104, (2007).


[7] A. Lampropoulos, S.A. Paschalis, O. Tsioulou, and S.E. Dritsos, Strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using ultra high performance fibre reinforced concrete (UHPFRC),, Eng Struct, vol. 106, pp.370-84, (2016).


[8] LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual, Version R8.0, LSTC, Livermore, CA, (2015).

[9] L.J. Malvar, J.E. Crawford, J.W. Wesevich, and D. Simons, A plasticity concrete material model for DYNA3D,, Inter J Impact Eng, vol. 19, pp.847-73, (1997).


[10] J. Li, and Y. Zhang, Evolution and calibration of a numerical model for modelling of hybrid-fibre ECC panels under high-velocity impact,, Compos Struct, vol. 93, pp.2714-22, (2011).


[11] H. Yin, K. Shirai, and W. Teo, Numerical Assessment of Ultra-high Performance Concrete Material,, IOP Conference Series: Mater Sci Eng, vol. 241, (2017).


[12] ACI Committee, Building code requirements for structural concrete (ACI 318M-08) and commentary,, American Concrete Institute. (2008).