Functional Materials and Application II

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Authors: Wei Dong Li, Xuan Li, Ming Hui Xu
Abstract: The morphology, microfiber structure, crystalline structure, mechanical properties and thermal behavior of the Akund were studied with SEM, FT-IR, TG and XRD analysis, and compared with cotton fibers. Its mechanical properties, moisture content and moisture regain were tested, and its solubility was analyzed in different solutions.
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Authors: Chang Hai Zhou, Yi Zhang, Rui Yun Pan
Abstract: This present work dealt with the effect of surface roughness on the scales growth of Fe-15Cr alloy. Surface morphologies and oxidation kinetics reveal that there was no obvious influence of surface roughness on the oxide-scale growth of Fe-15Cr alloy except for the initial oxidation stage of 1 h. However, there was an obvious influence on the oxide-scale spallation and microstructure, especially under the mutual function of temperature changes and surface roughness.
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Authors: Hong Zhou
Abstract: Titanium and its alloys are often used as key materials for corrosion protection. A promising approach to optimize both mechanical properties and corrosion resistance is the use of coating technologies. In this paper, shrouded plasma spray was used as a useful technology to produce low oxide containing titanium coatings. A solid shroud was used to plasma spray titanium coatings to reduce the oxide content. The titanium coatings were assessed by optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy and Vickers microhardness testing. The results showed that the shrouded titanium coatings exhibited an enhanced microstructure. The presence of the shroud and shroud gas flow led to a significant reduction in coating porosity because the reduction in air entrainment with the shroud resulted in better heating of the particles. The shrouded titanium coatings had a lower value of Vickers microhardness and a relative lower standard deviation than the air plasma sprayed titanium coatings.
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Authors: Jithin Ambarayil Joy, Vijayakumar Mathaiyan, Muhammad Sajjad, Dong Won Jung
Abstract: The study of cavitation is of topical interest in both physical and biological sciences. The surface roughness changes the effect of cavitation on a material surface. Due to cavitation, the material with low surface roughness value has relatively more damage, when compared to the one with higher value. In this paper, preliminary numerical studies are carried on cavitation and surface roughness. As a part of the code validation and calibration, the numerically predicted boundary-layer blockage at the Sanal flow choking condition for the channel flow is verified using the closed-form analytical model of V.R. Sanal Kumar et al. (AIP Advances, 8, 025315, 2018) at various surface roughness and found excellent agreement with the exact solution. Parametric analytical studies are carried out for examining the flow features at two different surface roughness and turbulence levels. We noticed that the wavy surface with small waves increases the Nussle number, therefore it is also considered for parametric analysis. Considering the defect-free smooth surface material, we presumed that the cavitation damage in the smooth surface is more than the rough surface because the smooth surface can generate more micro bubbles. These micro bubbles grow into macro bubbles which in turn results in cavitation. This study is a pointer towards for formulating various industrial topics with fluid-structural interaction problems for getting plausible solutions for meeting the needs of various industries.
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Authors: Zhi Feng Zhang, Feng Juan Wang, Wei Sun, Jin Yang Jiang
Abstract: In this paper, sample of Eu-doped SrTiO3 was synthesized using hydrothermal method, in which the Eu (NO3)3 and Sr (OH)2 were as the Eu and Sr source. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the structure and ingredient of the as-prepared samples. The results show that high-purity of SrTiO3 was prepared and structure of SrTiO3 without change with Eu doping. Also, performance of cathodic protection of stainless steel was tested in the photoelectricity cell. Furthermore, the mechanism of the improvement by the rare earth was also detected.
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Authors: Hor Yin, Kazutaka Shirai, Wee Teo
Abstract: This paper investigates the response of UHPC-concrete composite structural members using implicit and explicit finite element (FE) methods. Both methods were prepared and conducted individually for the FE analysis under static loading condition. Results of the implicit and explicit analysis were compared to experimental results conducted in previous study. Both the implicit and explicit methods showed similar overall response with fair accuracy compared with the experimental results. In addition, the effective plastic strain obtained from the FE simulation was in good agreement with the damage cracking pattern in the experiment.
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