Defects in Insulating Materials
This book constitutes a comprehensive international forum on defect-related phenomena in wide-gap materials, crystalline or otherwise. Materials as diverse as SiO2, group-III nitride compounds, diamond, alkali halides, refractory oxides, and polymers are covered, and the "defects" considered include intrinsic point imperfections, dislocations, accidental impurities, intentional dopants, imperfect surfaces, nanocrystals in host matrices, and bonding defects in glasses.
Important unifying similarities of the phenomena are identified and investigative methods are presented which can be applied, almost across-the-board, to materials which share a wide transparency, deep traps, extensive stored energy in electron-hole pairs, and a low conduction-electron density.
The technological applications described include dielectric films and substrates for electronics, transparent and interactive media for photonics, active light emitting elements and lasers, data storage, and radiation detection, among many others.
1. SiO2. 2. Oxide Crystals, Ceramics and Sol-Gels. 3. Diamond. 4. Wide-Gap Semiconductors. 5. Silver Halides. 6. Polymers. 7. Fullerene and Organic Molecular Crystals. 8. Ions in Solids. 9. Scintillators and Phosphors. 10. Nonlinear Optical Materials. 11. Ferroelectric and Paraelectric Systems. 12. Theory. 13. Kinetics and Diffusion. 14. Fast Ion Conductors. 15. Dislocations, Fracture. 16. Diatomic Impurities. 17. Phonons and Defects. 18. Self-Trapped Excitons. 19. Radiation Damage. 20. Surfaces. 21. Colloids, Nanocrystals, Aggregates. 22. Thin Films and Low-Dimensional Systems. 23. Thermoluminescence.