Characterization of Friction Welding for IN713LC and AISI 4140 Steel
Friction welding of dissimilar materials, Ni-base superalloy IN713LC and oil-quench plus tempered AISI 4140 steel, was investigated. Friction welding was carried out with various process variables such as friction pressure and time. The quality of welded joints was tested by applying bending stresses in an appropriate jig. Microstructures of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) were investigated along with micro-hardness tests over the friction weld joints. DEFORM-2D FE code was used to simulate the effect of welding variables in friction welding process on the distributions of the state variables such as strain, strain rate and temperature. The formation of the metal burr during the friction welding process was successfully simulated, and the temperature distribution in the heat-affected zone indicated a good agreement with the variation of the microstructures in the HAZ.
S.-G. Kang and T. Kobayashi
J. T. Yeom et al., "Characterization of Friction Welding for IN713LC and AISI 4140 Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 449-452, pp. 53-56, 2004