The operation which allows reducing wire diameter is called wiredrawing. The wiredrawing principle is that of using the metal plasticity to reduce the wire diameter. Our study is based on wire steel containing 0.05 % carbon. The regular orientation of the grains (texture) caused by external stresses during the drawing process is observed. This texture causes a phenomenon of material consolidation. Two annealing temperatures were applied on deformed wires for modifying the structure and mechanical properties. The effects of drawing and thermal treatment on our material were studied by, scanning electron microscope, hardness measurements and X – ray diffraction.