Effects of Tool Geometrical Parameters on the Chip Formation and Cutting Force in Orthogonal Cutting


Article Preview

The tool plays an important role in cutting process. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of tool geometrical parameters on the chip formation and cutting force with orthogonal cutting models. The large deformation Rigid-visco-plastic FEM program DEFORM-2DTM is used, and thermo-mechanical coupling effect are considered. The chip separation from workpiece is implemented by remeshing. Contrary to traditional cutting simulation, the workpiece is moved and the tool is fixed, which is consistent with actual process. The effects of tool rake angle on the chip geometry and cutting force are analyzed. The simulated cutting forces are compared with results in other references. The research results are a help to cutting process study and cutting tool design.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 471-472)

Edited by:

Xing Ai, Jianfeng Li and Chuanzhen Huang




G. Fang and P. Zeng, "Effects of Tool Geometrical Parameters on the Chip Formation and Cutting Force in Orthogonal Cutting", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 471-472, pp. 16-20, 2004

Online since:

December 2004





[1] M.E. Mechant: Journal of Applied Physics Vol. 18 (1945), p.267.

[2] E.H. Lee and B.W. Shaffer: ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics Vol. 18 (1951), p.405.

[3] P.L.B. Oxley: International Journal of Machine Tool Design Vol. 2 (1962), p.219.

[4] W.B. Palmer and P.L. B Oxley: Proceedings of International Mechanical Engineers Vol. 173 (1959), p.623.

[5] E. Usui and T. Shirakashi: On the art of cutting metals-75 years later a tribute to F. W. Taylor, ASME PED-7 (1982). p.13.

[6] K. Iwata, K. Osakada and T. Terasaka: ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol. Vol. 106, (1984), p.132.

[7] J.S. Strenkowski and K.J. Moon: ASME J. Eng. Ind. Vol. 127 (1990), p.313.

[8] J.M. Huang and J.T. Black: ASME J. of Manufacturing Science and Engineering Vol. 118 (1996), p.11.

[9] E. Ceretti, M. Lucchi and T. Altan: J. of Mater. Processing Technology Vol. 95 (1999), p.17.

[10] Z.C. Lin and S.Y. Lin: ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology Vol. 114 (1992), p.218.