Carbonate precursor of Eu3+ doped Sr2CeO4 is obtained from a mixed solution of strontium, cerium and europium nitrate using ammonium carbonate as precipitant. Calcining the carbonate precursor at different temperatures, the Eu3+ doped Sr2CeO4 phosphor is synthesized. The phase purity of the material is closely related with the calcination temperature, and the phosphor with high purity can be achieved after the precursor annealed at 1200°C. The photoluminescence performance for Eu3+ doped Sr2CeO4 depends on the concentration of Eu3+. The excitation and emission reveal efficient energy transfer from Ce4+ to Eu3+, making the emission light from blue-white to red-white, further to red as the Eu3+ concentration gradually changes from low concentration (1 mol%) to high concentration (10 mol%).