Application of TLP (Transient Liquid Phase) Bonding Method to the High Tm Lead-Free Solder


Article Preview

TLP method was applied to the lead free soldering process; Sn-3.5Ag core solder (Tm of 221°C) / Sn-Bi coating layer (Tm of 139°C at eutectic) was reflowed on UBM pad. Sn-Bi was formed by electroplating method at current range of 2~6A/dm2, which had varied the coating layer composition from 96wt% to 28wt% Bi. Specimens were reflowed on copper pad at temperature range of 200 and 220°C, and then interface reaction was examined. It was claimed that high Bi adding in the plated layer improved the wetting performance on Cu. Even at the reflow temperature of 200°C, SEM observation revealed well-defined interface junctions between solder and copper pad, i.e. nucleation and growth of CuxSn intermetallic compound. After heating for 5min at 220°C, Bi was resolved into Sn-3.5Ag core solder and completely homogenized, which is favorable from the viewpoint of long term fatigue reliability.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 475-479)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie




J. S. Lee et al., "Application of TLP (Transient Liquid Phase) Bonding Method to the High Tm Lead-Free Solder", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 1869-1872, 2005

Online since:

January 2005




[1] X. Qiao, S.F. Corbin: Mat. Sci. Eng., Vol. A283, (2000) p.38.

[2] T. Korhonen, V. Vuorinen, and J.K. Kivilaht:, IEEE Trans. Vol. 24, (2001) p.515.

[3] J.H. Lee, D.H. Shin and Y.S. Kim: Met. Mater. Int. Vol. 9 (2003), p.577.

[4] Ann A. Liu, H.K. Kim, and K.N. Tu: J. Appl. Phys, Vol. 80 (1996) p.2774.