The hydroxyapatite (HA) particle with different morphologies were prepared by adding a certain additive into Ca(H2PO4)2·H2O and controlling the bathing and sintering temperature, and the pure needle-like HA sol were obtained when the bathing temperature was 70°C. The experimental results show that the degree of crystallization of HA increase and the particles tend to accumulate with increasing of the drying and sintering temperatures. The particles of HA were spheroid, which diameters were of less than 100nm when they were sintered at the temperature of 700°C. The effect of nano-hydroxyapatite on remineralization of early enamel caries were studied too. The hardness of dismineralized enamel was increased when dismineralized enamel was remineralized by nano-hydroxyapatite. The SEM analysis shows that the interspace of enamel surface were decreased and the many mineral salts were sedimentated, which indicated that the nano-hydroxyapatie could promote remineralization for the dismineralized enamel.