The optimum design of a die shape for Pilger mill process was carried out using FEM analyses considering various processing factors. The important design parameters of the Pilger mill machine are feed rate and profile of the grooved die. Optimum design procedure was conducted in order to investigate effects on forming load and the deformed shape of a material depending on the die surface profiles. Profiles of the die surface for the optimum design were testified with linear, cosine and quadratic curves considering physical forming process. The results of the analyses provided that the model of the quadratic profile gave the lowest forming load and the proper deformed shape.