Formation and Optimization of Cu-Based Cu-Zr-Al Bulk Metallic Glasses
The present paper covers in a comprehensive manner the formation of the Cu-based Cu-Zr-Al bulk metallic glasses (BMGs). Composition optimization for BMG formation is realized by using an “e/a-variant criterion”. This criterion is incorporated into the ternary phase diagram by a straight composition line, which is defined by linking a specific binary composition to the third element. There e/a-variant composition lines are constructed: (Cu9Zr4)1-xAl, (Cu61.8Zr38.2)1-xAlx and (Cu56Zr44)1-xAlx, where Cu9Zr4, Cu61.8Zr38.2 and Cu56Zr44 are specific cluster compositions in the Cu-rich Cu-Zr binary system. No Cu-based BMGs are obtained in the composition line (Cu9Zr4)1-xAlx using our suction casting techniques, while BMGs are obtained within an e/a span from 1.24 to 1.3 and from 1.28 to 1.36 respectively along the other two lines (Cu61.8Zr38.2)1-xAlx and (Cu56Zr44)1-xAlx. Thermal analysis results indicate that the BMGs on every composition line manifest increased thermal stability and glass forming ability (GFA) with increasing e/a ratios. The maximum appears in Cu58.1Zr35.9Al6 with the e/a value of 1.3, which belongs to the (Cu61.8Zr38.2)1-xAlx series. The characteristic thermal parameters of this BMG are Tg = 760K, Tg/Tm = 0.659 and Tg/Tl = 0.648, which are all superior to those reported for the known Cu55Zr40Al5 BMG.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
Q. Wang et al., "Formation and Optimization of Cu-Based Cu-Zr-Al Bulk Metallic Glasses", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 3381-3384, 2005