Low Temperature Synthesis of PbTiO3 Nanoparticles
PbTiO3 nano-sized powders were synthesized at 150oC by a new hydrothermal [denoted as sol-hydrothermal] method by using modified titanium tetra-n-butoxide and lead acetate as the precursors. Furthermore, tetragonal PbTi0.8O2.6 nano-sized powders were obtained by this method at 80oC. Compared with hydrothermal synthesis, the effect of temperature on the formation of products prepared by sol-hydrothermal was investigated. The characteristics of products were studied by XRD, TEM and SAXS. The results show sol-hydrothermal method choosing acetylacetonate-modified titanium tetra-n-butoxide and lead acetate to form a sol could obtain PbTiO3 in 120nm size and PbTi0.8O2.6 powders with average diameter of 30nm, and both of them are pure tetragonal phase. In addition, PbTi0.8O2.6 could be converted into PbTiO3 gradually after annealed at giving condition.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
Y. J. Sun et al., "Low Temperature Synthesis of PbTiO3 Nanoparticles", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 3517-3520, 2005