Effect of Heat Treatment Conditions on Tube Hydroformability
Tube hydroforming provides a number of advantages over conventional stamping process, including fewer secondary operations, weight reduction, assembly simplification, adaptability to forming of complex structural components and improved structural strength and stiffness. It can produce wide range of products such as sub-frame, engine cradle, and exhaust manifold. In this study, the effect of heat treatment conditions, such as post seam annealing(PSA) and bright annealing(BA), on the ovality and hydro-formability of steel tubes has been investigated. Hydroformability has been estimated as the bulging height obtained depending on the various process parameters such as an internal pressure, axial feeding, and heat treatment conditions. The ovality and forming height were found to strongly depend on material properties after heat treatments.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
K.S. Park et al., "Effect of Heat Treatment Conditions on Tube Hydroformability", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 4137-4140, 2005