Powder Injection Molding of Niobium
Niobium and niobium-based alloys are used in a variety of high temperature applications ranging from light bulbs to rocket engines. Niobium has excellent formability and the lowest specific weight among refractory metals (Nb, Ta, Mo, W, and Re). Powder injection molding of niobium powder was investigated for efficiency of the process. The sintering of injection molded bars was conducted up to 2000°C in vacuum and low oxygen partial pressure atmosphere. This paper investigates the effect of sintering time, temperature and atmosphere on processing of pure niobium.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
I. Smid and G. Aggarwal, "Powder Injection Molding of Niobium", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 711-716, 2005