On a Testing of Mechanical Properties of Material Surfaces
Hardness testing is a method frequently used for evaluating the resistance of body surfaces to the influence of contact loading. The Vickers hardness test is applied for this purpose in a case when the material is sufficiently ductile and no cracks occur in the corners of the indents. Testing of the surface hardness of such materials as glass and ceramics on the basis of the Vickers testing method must take into account the energy that is spent on crack spreading. This paper describes a more exact and accurate method for evaluating resistance to microcrack formation on the surface of a material. To evaluate the conditions for crack spreading, it is necessary to test a specimen under loading in bulk. The suggested procedure involves a bent strip. As bending stresses are known, from them and from the differences in crack length along and across the strip, the resistance of the material surface to crack propagation is determined.
L. Berka and N.V. Murafa, "On a Testing of Mechanical Properties of Material Surfaces", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 482, pp. 399-402, 2005