Homoepitaxial Growth of 4H-SiC Using CH3Cl Carbon Precursor
The results of the initial experiments with halogenated carbon precursor chloromethane (CH3Cl) for epitaxial growth of 4H-SiC are presented. The growth rate for mirror-like morphology was easily increased up to about 7 µm/hr at C-rich conditions without detectable surface morphology degradation. Further increase of the silane flow resulted in island formation. The growth with the traditional silane-propane system at the same conditions (and optimized Si/C ratio) produced a very different result, with the growth rate decreasing from upstream to downstream, and morphology degradation taking place for much lower growth rate than in CH3Cl growth. Consequently, the epitaxial growth with chloromethane appears to have significantly different kinetics of the gas-phase precursor decomposition and different mechanisms of the surface reactions, which favors the step-flow growth. In addition, these preliminary data indicated that the maximum achievable growth rate corresponding to the good surface morphology may be noticeably larger for the CH3Cl+SiH4+H2 growth system.
Roberta Nipoti, Antonella Poggi and Andrea Scorzoni
Y. Koshka et al., "Homoepitaxial Growth of 4H-SiC Using CH3Cl Carbon Precursor", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 483-485, pp. 81-84, 2005