Sintering Effects of ZnO Nanopowders Synthesized by Solution–Combustion Method
ZnO nanopowders with an average grain size of 30nm were prepared by a solution combustion method with various sintering temperatures (100-1000o C). The optical properties of the ZnO nanopowders were investigated in the temperature range of 14-150K in air. Based on the results of XRD, Photoluminescence, and excitation spectra, the ZnO powders showed wurtzite single phase with UV-blue light emitting. Deep level defects such as oxygen vacancies and Zn interstitials were not observed from the ZnO powders sintered up to 700 o C. However, these defects were observed as the sintering temperature was increased up to 900 o C. This seems to be due to the generation of oxygen vacancies and zinc interstitials. Furthermore, the blue light intensity was doubled when the synthesized ZnO powders were sintered at 700 o C. This might be very useful for high efficiency photocatalysts and the blue light emitting phosphors of displays such as field emission displays and plasma display panels.
Hyung Sun Kim, Sang-Yeop Park, Bo Young Hur and Soo Wohn Lee
S. Park et al., "Sintering Effects of ZnO Nanopowders Synthesized by Solution–Combustion Method", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 486-487, pp. 221-224, 2005